Spiny dogfish (Squalus acanthias) is a small species of shark found in the North Atlantic and North Pacific Oceans, mostly in the temperate and subarctic areas. Spiny dogfish are slim, with a narrow, pointed snout and characteristic white spots. They have two dorsal fins with ungrooved large spines and are colored grey above and white below. Males grow up to 3.3 feet, and females grow up to 4 feet. Spiny dogfish are top-level predators and feed on a wide variety of small fish, crustaceans, jellyfish, squid, and other marine animals. They are found both inshore and offshore, usually near the bottom but also in mid-water and at the surface. Learn more about spiny dogfish at NOAA's FishWatch.gov.
In federal waters, spiny dogfish are managed jointly by the the Mid-Atlantic and New England Fishery Management Councils under a single fishery management plan (FMP). The primary management tool is the specification of an annual catch limit, which is allotted between two quota periods that divide up the fishing year. The harvest of spiny dogfish is also controlled through the establishment of trip limits, which limit the amount fishermen can harvest during a single fishing trip. The most recent stock assessment for spiny dogfish indicated that the stock is not overfished and is not experiencing overfishing.
Actions Under Development
Fishery Performance Reports and Information Documents
Spiny Dogfish News
The Council will hold a public webinar on Thursday, April 7, 2016 from 7 p.m. – 8:30 p.m. to gather input on spiny dogfish trip limits.
The Council has revised the spiny dogfish specifications that were previously recommended for the 2016 fishing year.
The following summary highlights actions taken and issues considered at the Council’s meeting on October 6 – 8, 2015 in Philadelphia, PA.
At last week’s meeting in Philadelphia, the Council recommended a 50% reduction in the commercial quota for spiny dogfish next year.
The Council will host a public information webinar on Tuesday, September 22, 2015 at 6 p.m. to gather public perspectives on spiny dogfish management.
The following summary highlights Council actions and issues considered at the October 2014 Council Meeting held in Philadelphia, PA on October 7-9.
NOAA Fisheries has approved and implemented 2014-2015 spiny dogfish catch limits and other measures through Amendment 3 to the Spiny Dogfish Fishery Management Plan.
NOAA Fisheries has announced that, effective August 14, it will be implementing new measures for the Spiny Dogfish Fishery (Amendment 3).
NOAA Fisheries has announced proposed management measures for spiny dogfish that include implementing a research set- aside program, updating essential fish habitat definitions, allowing rollover of specifications, and eliminating the seasonal allocation of the commercial quota.