Atlantic Mackerel, Squid, Butterfish

Atlantic Mackerel FMP (1978)

  • Established management of Atlantic mackerel fishery

Atlantic Butterfish FMP (1978)

  • Established management of Atlantic butterfish fishery

Squid FMP (1978)

  • Established management of squid fisheries

Atlantic Mackerel Amendment 1 (1979)

  • Continued management of the Atlantic mackerel fishery

Squid Amendment 1 (1979)

  • Continued management of the squid fishery

Atlantic Butterfish Amendment 1 (1980)

  • Continued management of the Atlantic butterfish fishery

Atlantic Mackerel Amendment 2 (1980)

  • Continued management of the Atlantic mackerel fishery

Atlantic Butterfish Amendment 2 (1980)

  • Continued management of the Atlantic butterfish fishery

Merged FMP (1983)

  • Consolidated management of Atlantic mackerel, squid, and butterfish fisheries under a single FMP

Amendment 1 (1984)

  • Implemented squid OY adjustment mechanism
  • Revise Atlantic mackerel mortality rate

Amendment 2 (1986)

  • Revised squid bycatch TALFF allowances
  • Implemented framework adjustment process
  • Converted expiration of fishing permits from indefinite to annual
  • Equated fishing year with calendar year

Amendment 3 (1991)

  • Established overfishing definitions for all four species

Amendment 4 (1991)

  • Limited the activity of directed foreign fishing and joint venture transfers to foreign vessels
  • Allowed for specification of OY for Atlantic mackerel for up to three years

Amendment 5 (1996)

  • Adjusted Loligo MSY
  • Eliminated directed foreign fisheries for Loligo, Illex, and butterfish
  • Instituted a dealer and vessel reporting system
  • Instituted an operator permitting system
  • Implemented a limited access system for Loligo, Illex and butterfish
  • Expanded the management unit to include all Atlantic mackerel, Loligo, Illex, and butterfish under U.S. jurisdiction.

Amendment 6 (1997)

  • Revised the overfishing definitions for Loligo, Illex, and butterfish
  • Established directed fishery closure at 95% of DAH forLoligo, Illex and butterfish with post-closure trip limits for each species
  • Established a mechanism for seasonal management of theIllex fishery to improve the yield-per recruit

Amendment 7 (1997)

  • Established consistency among FMPs in the NE region of the U.S. relative to vessel permitting, replacement and upgrade criteria

Amendment 8 (1998)

  • Brought the FMP into compliance with new and revised National Standards and other required provisions of the Sustainable Fisheries Act
  • Added a framework adjustment procedure

Framework 1 (2001)

  • Created a quota set-aside for the purpose of conducting scientific research

Framework 2 (2002)

  • Extended the moratorium on entry to the Illex fishery for an additional year
  • Established that previous year specifications apply when specifications for the management unit are not published prior to the start of the fishing year (excluding TALFF specifications)
  • Allowed for the specification of management measures forLoligo for a period of up to three years

Framework 3 (2003)

  • Extended the moratorium on entry to the Illex fishery for an additional year

Framework 4 (2004)

  • Extended the moratorium on entry to the Illex fishery for an additional five years

Amendment 12 (2007)

  • Standardized bycatch reporting methodology

Amendment 9 (2008)

  • Allowed for multi-year specifications for all four managed species (mackerel, butterfish, Illex, and Loligo) for up to 3 years
  • Extended the moratorium on entry into the Illex fishery, without a sunset provision
  • Adopted biological reference points for Loligo recommended by the stock assessment review committee (SARC)
  • Designated EFH for Loligo eggs based on available information
  • Prohibited bottom trawling by MSB-permitted vessels in 
  • Lydonia and Oceanographer Canyons

Amendment 10 (2010)

  • Implemented a butterfish rebuilding program
  • Increased the Loligo minimum mesh in Trimesters 1 and 3
  • Implemented a 72-hour trip notification requirement for the Loligo fishery.

Amendment 13 (2010)

  • Implemented Annual Catch Limits (ACLs), Annual Catch Targets (ACTs), and Accountability Measures (AMs).

Amendment 11 (2011)

  • Implemented Limited Access in the Atl. mackerel fishery.
  • Updated EFH for all MSB species.
  • Established a recreational-commercial allocation.

Framework 5 (2012)

  • Broadened the scope of individuals who can perform hold measurements for limited access mackerel vessels

Framework 6 (2012)

  • Clarified the Council's risk policy and describes the limited circumstances under which acceptable biological catch (ABC) can be increased for stocks without status determination criteria on overfishing. 

Framework 7 (2013)

  • Converted the butterfish mortality cap from a catch cap to a discard cap

Amendment 14 (2014)

  • Appendices
  • Final Rule
  • Implemented a variety of reporting and monitoring requirements for Atlantic mackerel and longfin squid fisheries
  • Implemented a river herring and shad catch cap for the Atlantic mackerel fishery

Amendment 17 (2013)

  • Final Rule
  • Modified accountability measures for the Council's recreational fisheries, including Atlantic mackerel

Framework 8 (2014)

  • Final Rule
  • Implements changes to improve operation of the butterfish discard cap in the longfin squid fishery and the directed butterfish fishery

Amendment 15 (2015)

  • Final Rule
  • Implemented Standardized Bycatch Reporting Methodology

Amendment 19 (2015)

  • Final Rule
  • Eliminated the requirement for vessel owners to submit "did not fish" reports for the months or weeks when their vessel was not fishing
  • Removed some of the restrictions for upgrading vessels listed on Federal fishing permits

Framework 9 (2015)

  • Established measures to enhance catch monitoring and address slippage (catch that is discarded before it has been sampled by observers) in the Atlantic mackerel fishery.

Amendment 16 - Deep Sea Corals Amendment (2016)

  • Final Rule
  • Established management measures to protect deep sea corals from the impacts of commercial fishing gear in the Mid-Atlantic region

Amendment 18 - Unmanaged Forage Omnibus Amendment (2017)

  • Final Rule
  • Implements management measures to prevent the development of new, and the expansion of existing, commercial fisheries on certain forage species in the Mid-Atlantic

Framework 10 - Omnibus For-Hire Electronic Trip Reporting Framework (2017)

  • Implements a requirement for vessels that hold party/charter permits for Council-managed species to submit vessel trip reports electronically (eVTRs) while on a trip carrying passengers for hire.

Framework 11 - Omnibus Acceptable Biological Catch Framework (2018)

  • Final Rule
  • Establishes a process for setting constant multi-year Acceptable Biological Catch (ABCs) limits for Council-managed fisheries;
  • Clarifies that the Atlantic Bluefish, Tilefish, and Atlantic Mackerel, Squid, and Butterfish FMPs will now automatically incorporate the best available scientific information in calculating ABCs (as all other Mid-Atlantic management plans do) rather than requiring a separate management action to adopt them;
  • Clarifies the process for setting ABCs for each of the four types of ABC control rules.